Citizens! Few things excite the Nabob of Numbers – the always analytical TFD! – more than reviewing His server logs to discover where new visitors are from as they quest for gastronomic perfection of the highest order! People from every country in the world have graced My presence – all, but one. Yes, Turkmenistan, I am looking at YOU – your proud throngs resisted the siren song of my culinary magnificence throughout 2019! Not a single Turkman (or woman, for that matter!) has yet to visit My site and experience the unmitigated joy of basking in the blinding light of My wisdom?! This cannot stand!!!
Today, however, I intend to fix that with the lure of a fantastic local recipe from this far-off land that was once a primary destination on the Silk Road! After today, the 2019 incarnation of TFD Nation shall and MUST contain members of every land on Terra Firma – THIS, I COMMAND! In Turkmenistan, the fish of choice for any banquet is the mighty Sturgeon, the source of caviar and probably the meatiest fish you’ll every try with its dense and flavorful flesh – and this is for a pilaf that is a Turkmeni treasure!
As noted on recipes.fandom.com:
The traditional Turkmenistan cuisine is renowned for its dishes based on fish. The most popular types of fish used are catfish, grey mullet, zander and sturgeon. Fish is generally combined with rice, raisins, apricot and sesame.
Fish dishes are popular among Turkmen living on the shores of the Caspian Sea. They mainly use sturgeon, beluga sturgeon, herring, stellate sturgeon, sea and river pike, perch, catfish, mullet, sazan and kutum caught in the Caspian Sea and the rivers that flow into it.
The pilav made in the Caspain Sea region is often cooked with fish. The type of fish used usually depends on what fresh just-caught fish are available. These fish can be roasted on a roasting-jack, fried in cauldrons, or dried, stewed or boiled. Fish is normally served with sweet-sour sauce and spices.
Turkmenistan pilav is served with sauce made from sour plums called tkemali, and pomegranate juice.
As further noted on factsanddetails.com:
Turkmenistan has develop under the influence of its unique history and geography. The traditional Turkmen nomadic lifestyle and the severe conditions of living in the desert have both shaped the culinary traditions of Turkmenistan. Among the main features of Turkmen cuisine are its simplicity and low cost both in terms of ingredients and cooking methods.
Turkmenistan national cuisine has a lot in common with cuisines of other Central Asian people, particularly the Uzbeks and Karakalpaks. However, it differs from them in a number of features, namely the large variety of fish dishes owing to Turkmenistan’s location on the Caspian Sea. Turkmen use different vegetables than Uzbeks and Tajiks and eat them in different ways. Radish and tomatoes are used more often. Onions are eaten raw and used as a seasoning. Pumpkins and carrots are rarely used.
Turkmen like to use mutton fat and sesame oil for frying and cooking meat, course-grain dishes sweets. The spices used in Turkmenistan are slightly different from the ones used in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. Turkmen widely use red and black pepper, mint, wild parsley, azhgon (a spice also known as jowan caraway, bishop’s weed or carom that originated in the eastern Mediterranean, possibly Egypt), and buzhgun (the galls of a pistachio tree). Instead of turmeric, Turkmen use saffron and garlic.
As is true throughout Central Asia, Turkmen drink a lot of tea. Green tea (gok chai) is drunk all the year round, at all hours. In the Turkmen language, “chai” can refer to eating a meal or sitting down for a visit. Black tea (gara) is also consumed by Turkmen, but enjoyed mainly in autumn and in winter – it is more popular in western Turkmenistan than in the eastern part of the country.
Black tea is sometimes brewed with camel milk on coals. Traditionally, every tea drinker had his own china teapot and cup. In the Dashoguz region, it is sometimes drunk “Kazakh-style” with milk, often to disguise the salty taste of the drinking water in that area.
Turkmen prefer camel and sheep milk. Cow milk is used for making “gatyk”, a special kind of sour milk. A thick drinking yogurt similar to kefir, gatyk is often served with breakfast and sometimes used as a condiment on börek or manti, replacing the traditional sour cream. Most dairy products are served with soups and main courses.
Sherbet is a traditional drink of Central Asia. In the old days, it was prepared from Cornelian cherries, or rose hips with the addition of spices. Today, sherbet is made from fruit juices with spices and ice cream.
Bekmes is a syrup or fruit juice concentrate made without added sugar. Often referred to as fruit honey, it is consumed both as a tasty drink, dessert topping or a dessert in its own right. There are many recipes to cook bekmes. Each Turkmen tribe has its own that takes into account which berries or vegetables are available in their region. “Berzenghi” is a popular mineral water.
Truly a fascinating culture, country and cuisine!
This particular recipe is from the Caspian Sea region, where sturgeon remain plentiful and cheap – neither of these are true anywhere else. Given the expense, I recommend the closest (and still not cheap but cheaper than sturgeon) textural and flavor substitutes: Chilean sea bass or monkfish. Unlike any other pilaf recipe from the region, this one uses sour cream to make a flavorful sauce for the fish – it is quite delicious and a great change of pace from the standard.
I’ve come up with a recipe that I am quite sure pays suitable homage to the original in terms of flavor, spicing and texture. Georgian yellow tkemali (spiced sour plum sauce) is an important part of this dish – you can buy it here. Urfa biber pepper may be purchased here and ajwain (Bishop’s weed) seeds may be bought here. My favorite brand of sesame oil is Kadoya and it may be purchased here.
Citizens, let us unite the entirety of the world under the mantle of TFD Nation – Turkmenistan, join us in unity today with your brothers and sisters of gastronomic fervor! If you prefer meat to fish but still want a sample of this unique cuisine, try the unmatched Turkmenistan shashlik recipe instead!
Battle on – the Genralissimo
The Hirshon Turkmenistan Fish and Saffron Pilaf – Balyk We Zagpyran Pilav
- Total Time: 0 hours
- 1 1/2 cups basmati rice
- 4 onions (1 halved and 3 thinly sliced)
- 1/2 Tbsp. black pep per corns, crushed
- 1/2 Tbsp. cumin seeds, crushed
- 1/4 tsp. urfa biber pepper flakes
- 1 bay leaf
- 1/2 small bunch of parsley
- 1/2 small bunch of mint
- Sea salt
- 1 lb. Sturgeon fillets (strongly preferred, if you can find / afford it) or use Chilean Sea Bass or Monkfish fillets instead
- 1/4 cup sesame oil – TFD endorses only Kadoya brand!
- 1/4 cup yellow tkemali sauce
- 3 carrots, peeled and sliced into match sticks
- A small handful of dill fronds
- 1 tsp. dill seeds, lightly cracked by running a rolling pin over them a few times
- 1 tsp. freshly-ground black pepper
- 1/2 tsp. freshly-ground ajwain seeds
- 1 tsp. minced garlic
- A large pinch of saffron strands, soaked in 3 Tbsp. warm wa ter
- 1/2 cup sour cream – TFD endorses only Daisy brand!
- Juice of 1 lemon
- golden raisins
- dried apricots
- Put the rice in a large bowl to soak while you poach the fish.
- Bring 4 cups water to a boil in a large pan and add the halved onion, along with peppercorns, bay leaf, and stems from the mint and parsley. Season well with salt and lower in the fish fillets.
- Cook at a very gentle simmer until fish is just opaque through to the middle, up to 10 minutes, depending on the thickness. Remove fish with a slotted spoon and set aside. Strain and reserve broth. You’ll use the pan again later.
- In a second large cooking pot in which you’ll cook the rice, heat the oil until almost smoking, then add the sliced onions and carrots. Stir-fry until vegetables start to soften. Pour in drained rice and smooth down with back of a spoon.
- Pour in enough of the fish broth to cover top of rice by about 1 ¼ cm. and salt generously. Bring to a boil and cook over high heat until broth has boiled off. Use the spoon handle to poke a few holes in the rice to help release the steam.
- Cover with a lid or tight-fitting layer of aluminum foil and remove from heat. Let steam for 20 minutes for rice to cook through.
- Chop the parsley and mint leaves and dill fronds and add to the empty fish pan. Add the dill seeds, garlic, saffron and its soaking liquid, kalonji, cumin and urfa biber and season with salt. Stir in sour cream and tkemali and warm through over low heat. Carefully add fish fillets to warm through in the saffron cream before serving.
- Turn rice onto a large platter and squeeze lemon juice over it. Spoon fish and its creamy sauce on top and cover with golden raisins and diced dried apricots.
- Prep Time: 0 hours
- Cook Time: 0 hours
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