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Paula Wolfert’s Berber Garlic Sourdough Skillet Bread - ⴰⴴⵔⵓⵎ or أغروم

Paula Wolfert’s Berber Garlic Sourdough Skillet Bread – ⴰⴴⵔⵓⵎ and أغروم

  • Total Time: 0 hours


Units Scale
  • For the garlic starter:
  • 2/3 cup (104 grams) plus 1/2 cup (70 grams) regular semolina flour (pasta flour)
  • 3/4 cup (85 grams) all-purpose flour
  • 2 garlic cloves, peeled
  • ***
  • For the bread:
  • 2 2/3 cups (400 grams) extra-fine semolina flour
  • 1/2 teaspoon (1 1/2 grams) dry yeast
  • 2 1/2 teaspoons (15 grams) fine salt
  • 1/3 cup (52 grams) regular semolina flour or all-purpose flour, for handling the dough
  • ***
  • Moroccan Almond Butter with Argan Oil:
  • 8 ounces whole blanched, peeled almonds
  • 1 teaspoon coarse sea or kosher salt
  • 1/2 cup culinary (not cosmetic!) argan oil
  • 1/4 cup honey


  1. For the almond butter:
  2. Heat oven to 300 degrees. Spread the almonds on a baking sheet and toast until brown, about 10 minutes. Check and stir often after the first 8 minutes, to prevent overbrowning.
  3. Using a heavy mortar and pestle, and working in batches if necessary, grind warm almonds with salt into a smooth paste. (This can be done in a food processor, although the texture of the finished dip would not be as light.)
  4. About a tablespoon at a time, work in the oil, then mix until smooth and creamy. Add the honey in the same way. Taste for salt. Scrape into a serving bowl.
  6. Make the starter: In a glass or ceramic bowl, combine ⅔ cup semolina flour with the all-purpose flour. Gradually stir in ¾ cup water to make a wet dough. Mix in garlic, cover, wrap in a towel and leave in a warm place, like an unheated oven, for a day.
  7. Uncover the starter, add ¼ cup water and the remaining ½ cup semolina flour, and mix. Cover, wrap in a towel, and leave for 12 to 24 hours. The starter will get a crusty top and blossom underneath. Scoop out ½ cup starter and discard the rest, including garlic cloves (otherwise, as it continues to ferment, the smell would drive you out of your home).
  8. Make the bread: In a food processor fitted with the metal blade, combine extra-fine semolina flour, the ½ cup of starter, the yeast and salt. Pulse once or twice. Add 1 cup warm water and process for 15 to 20 seconds to knead. Let rest 10 minutes. Pulsing food processor, trickle in another ¼ cup water.
  9. Sprinkle a work surface with flour and turn dough onto it. Cover with an upside-down bowl for 10 minutes. Cut 4 1-foot squares of waxed or parchment paper and sprinkle with flour. Divide dough in four and put each piece on a piece of a floured paper, turning to coat. Press each into an 8-inch circle. Cover with kitchen towels and let rise 1 hour.
  11. When ready to cook, gently flatten each disk, then prick the tops all over with a fork. Heat an 8- or 10-inch nonstick skillet or griddle (or two, if you have them) over medium-high heat. Sprinkle the pan’s surface with flour, then pick up a dough round and flip it into the pan, paper side up. Peel off the paper and adjust the heat so that the bread sizzles gently.
  12. When it is browned and blistered on the bottom, about 5 minutes, flip the bread out onto a plate, then slide it back into the pan to cook the other side. Cook about 2 minutes, shaking the skillet often to prevent sticking. When browned, firm and fragrant, slide onto a platter and serve immediately, or cover with a towel to keep warm while you cook the remaining breads. Serve with Moroccan almond-argan butter.
  • Prep Time: 0 hours
  • Cook Time: 0 hours


  • Calories: 1277.79 kcal
  • Sugar: 19.94 g
  • Sodium: 662.21 mg
  • Fat: 57.45 g
  • Saturated Fat: 4.44 g
  • Trans Fat: 0.12 g
  • Carbohydrates: 160.52 g
  • Fiber: 13.94 g
  • Protein: 34.34 g
  • Cholesterol: 0.0 mg

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