Citizens! The smallest parts of a country frequently get short shrift when it comes to their hyper-local cuisines achieving recognition outside their local region. Prince Edward Island in Canada sadly falls into this underserved category and the Potentate of potentialities – TFD Himself – must immediately redress this undeserved inequality with all haste! Unlike the pan-Canadian recipe for maple butter tarts, this one is most specific to the province.
Prince Edward Island (PEI; French: Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is a province of Canada and one of the three Maritime Provinces. It is the smallest province of Canada in both land area and population, but it is the most densely populated. According to Statistics Canada, the province of PEI has only 155,318 residents.
Part of the traditional lands of the Mi’kmaq, it became a British colony in the 1700s and was federated into Canada as a province in 1873. Its capital is Charlottetown.
The backbone of the Island economy is farming; it produces 25% of Canada’s potatoes. Other important industries include the fisheries, tourism, aerospace, bio-science, IT and renewable energy.
The island has several informal names: “Garden of the Gulf”, referring to the pastoral scenery and lush agricultural lands throughout the province; and “Birthplace of Confederation” or “Cradle of Confederation”, referring to the Charlottetown Conference in 1864, although PEI did not join Confederation until 1873, when it became the seventh Canadian province.
Historically, Prince Edward Island is one of Canada’s older settlements and demographically still reflects older immigration to the country, with Scottish, Irish, English and French surnames being dominant to this day.
Prince Edward Island is located about 200 kilometres (120 miles) north of Halifax, Nova Scotia, and 600 kilometres (370 miles) east of Quebec City and has a land area of 5,686.03 km2 (2,195.39 sq mi). The main island is 5,620 km2 (2,170 sq mi) in size. It is the 104th-largest island in the world and Canada’s 23rd-largest island.
In 1798, the British named the island colony for Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (1767–1820), the fourth son of King George III and the father of Queen Victoria. Prince Edward has been called “Father of the Canadian Crown”.
The island’s landscape is pastoral. Rolling hills, woods, reddish white sand beaches, ocean coves and the famous red soil have given Prince Edward Island a reputation as a province of outstanding natural beauty. The provincial government has enacted laws to preserve the landscape through regulation, although there is a lack of consistent enforcement, and an absence of province-wide zoning and land-use planning.
Under the Planning Act of the province, municipalities have the option to assume responsibility for land-use planning through the development and adoption of official plans and land use bylaws. Thirty-one municipalities have taken responsibility for planning. In areas where municipalities have not assumed responsibility for planning, the Province remains responsible for development control.
The island’s lush landscape has a strong bearing on its economy and culture. The author Lucy Maud Montgomery drew inspiration from the land during the late Victorian Era for the setting of her classic novel Anne of Green Gables (1908).
Today, many of the same qualities that Montgomery and others found in the island are enjoyed by tourists who visit year-round. They enjoy a variety of leisure activities, including beaches, various golf courses, eco-tourism adventures, touring the countryside, and enjoying cultural events in local communities around the island.
The smaller, rural communities as well as the towns and villages throughout the province retain a slower-pace. Prince Edward Island has become popular as a tourist destination for relaxation. The economy of most rural communities on the island is based on small-scale agriculture. Industrial farming has increased as businesses buy and consolidate older farm properties.
The coastline has a combination of long beaches, dunes, red sandstone cliffs, salt water marshes, and numerous bays and harbors. The beaches, dunes and sandstone cliffs consist of sedimentary rock and other material with a high iron concentration, which oxidizes upon exposure to the air. The geological properties of a white silica sand found at Basin Head are unique in the province; the sand grains cause a scrubbing noise as they rub against each other when walked on, and have been called the “singing sands”.
As might be expected, much of the island’s cuisine is seafood-based, and chowder is a much-beloved dish of the locals.
Chef Kyle Panton, a Prince Edward Island native, has been recognized for his ability to create award winning dishes using fresh locally-sourced products. In 2013, he won the Prince Edward Island Shellfish Festival’s Seafood Chowder Competition. In 2014, he defended his title, taking home the PEI Potato Chowder Championship, as well as the Seafood Chowder Competition.
This is his recipe, and I wouldn’t change a thing in it – a rarity for me, and thus the reason my name isn’t on this recipe – it’s all his! 😀 If you ever feel like visiting Prince Edward Island, it is one of the most beautiful parts of Canada, and this link will help you!
Battle on – the GeneralissimoPrint
- 4 slices of bacon, diced
- ⅓ cup (75 mL) butter
- 1 onion, diced
- 2 stalks of celery, diced
- 1 small carrot, diced
- 6 baby red potatoes, diced
- 1 ear of corn, shucked, grilled and kernels sliced off
- 3 tbsp (45 mL) flour
- 2 cups (500 mL) whipping cream
- ¾ cup (175 mL) milk
- 4 oz (120 g) fresh salmon, diced
- 4 oz (120 g) fresh halibut, diced
- 4 oz (120 g) scallops
- ¼ cup (60 mL) chives, chopped
- 18 steamed mussels, shucked
- 18 steamed clams, shucked
- Sea salt and freshly ground pepper
- 6 oz (180 g) Glasgow Glen Farm Mild Gouda, shaved or grated
- Tea biscuits (optional)
- Steamed shellfish recipe:
- 1 cup (250 mL) white wine
- ½ cup (125 mL) olive oil
- 1 ¾ cups (425 mL) overripe tomatoes, peeled, seeded and diced
- 1 bay leaf
- 4 green onions, coarsely chopped
- 8 basil leaves
- 2 tsp (10 mL) whole black peppercorns
- 2 tsp (10 mL) sea salt
- ¼ tsp (1 mL) chili powder
- 2 whole lemons, halved
- Clams and/or mussels, rinsed
- In a skillet, cook bacon on low to medium heat until browned. Remove from heat and set aside.
- In a saucepan, melt butter on medium heat. Add onion, celery, carrot, potatoes and corn; cook until soft.
- Stir in flour and cook, stirring constantly, until flour is light golden brown.
- Add bacon and stir in whipping cream and milk; let thicken.
- Add fish, scallops and chives. Cook over low heat for about 10 min, or until fish and scallops are cooked through.
- Add mussels and clams; season with salt and pepper.
- Serve topped with cheese and a tea biscuit, if desired.
- Steamed shellfish recipe:
- Place all the ingredients except shellfish in a large saucepan and bring to a boil. Add clams, cover and cook for 3–4 min.
- Add mussels, cover and cook for 4–5 more minutes, or until the shells open.
- Use shellfish immediately or refrigerate once cooled.
Citizens, please note that I can no longer afford to absorb the nearly $1000 per month it costs to keep the site running smoothly, including marketing expenses, etc.
You can make a difference!
Please consider making a one-time donation to help keep the site live and the posts coming – click here to PayPal Me a tip!
You can also show your support by listening to our podcasts, liking them, and sharing as you see fit – try them out here.